The 1960s marked the peak of the post-war boom in the world and a certain political and social relaxation in the states of the Soviet bloc. But the world remained divided by the Iron Curtain, and the Cold War was nearing its climax.
In the United States, the first launch of the Gemini space programme, the final precursor to the Apollo moon programme, took place in April. At the same time that Beatlemania reached its peak after the London summer premiere of A Hard Day’s Night, the US military officially entered the Vietnam War.
In October 1964, Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev replaced Nikita Khrushchev at the head of the Soviet Union and became a symbol of the backwardness of the socialist countries for almost the next 20 years.
The 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo celebrated Japan’s progress and resurgence on the world stage. The new Japan was no longer an enemy of war but a peaceful country that threatened no one, and this transformation was accomplished in less than 20 years.
Let’s immerse ourselves in the atmosphere of Japanese everyday life at that time!
Photos in this collection provided by the Czech Olympic Committee